The Children of Israeel following the Exodus
Following the first promise mentioned in Part 1, Bani Israeel never actually regained complete rule over the Holy land as an independent state, as they do today. Following the Exodus, when they were saved from Firoun, Allah Most High, ordered them to fight the enemies controlling the Holy land at the time to reclaim it. They refused the order of their Prophet and leader, Musa ( peace be upon him) and as a punishment were made to roam through the land as nomads for 40 years. Throughout history their offspring did enter the Holy land and settled there, but did not rule over it with unrestricted authority, as they do today.
Bani Israeel were scattered in small communities throughout the world. Also, History indicates that were a greatly persecuted nation. There are so many instances throughout history of mass genocide of the Israelites, especially at the hands of Christians, with the last recorded affliction to befall them being the holocaust in Germany in WWII.
This was prophesied in the Quran in no uncertain terms.
Allah Most High says:
وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَن يَسُومُهُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَسَرِيعُ الْعِقَابِ ۖ وَإِنَّهُ لَغَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُمَمًا مِّنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ وَبَلَوْنَاهُم بِالْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ
And mention when your Lord declared that He would surely continue to send upon them ( Banu Israeel) until the Day of Resurrection those who would afflict them with the worst torment. Indeed, your Lord is swift in penalty; but indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.
And We divided them throughout the earth into communities. Of them some were righteous, and of them some were otherwise. And We tested them with good times and bad that perhaps they would return [to obedience].
[Surat Al-A'raf 7:167-168]
It is interesting to note that the good times mentioned in he ayah predominantly corresponded to the Jews living under Muslim rule during the Golden ages of Islam.
As always, the Quran never places all jews in the same category: Of them some were righteous, and of them some were otherwise.
Prior to the final promise
Allah (SWT) says:
ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَا لَكُمُ الْكَرَّةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَمْدَدْنَاكُم بِأَمْوَالٍ وَبَنِينَ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ أَكْثَرَ نَفِيرًا
Then we gave you once again your turn against them. And We reinforced you with wealth and sons and made you more numerous in manpower [Surat Al-Isra 17:6]
notice the conjunction ثُمَّ which denotes a lapse in time from the first destruction of Jerusalem. How much time this denotes can only really be understood with the passing of time and seeing how events have unfolded.
History indicates that the Jews never regained complete and dominating power of the Holy land, not up until 1948. The people they defeated to get power from them were the Muslims whose ancestors ( Egyptian, Assyrians and Babylonians) were the very same nations who destroyed Jerusalem the first time, hence the statement "Then We gave back to you a return victory over them"
For a state to be powerful, it requires 2 main resources: wealth and manpower. These are used to develop buildings and infrastructure as well as to have a trained army capable of attacking and defending itself.
"..And We reinforced you with wealth"
The resource of wealth is evident ever since the establishment of the modern Jewish State. Zionist Jews control a sizeable portion of the world banking system in the world today. Israel is probably the largest recipient of financial and technical aid from the West. Along with this they have stolen most of Palestine's land and resources.
Human resources are also required. Notice the ayah refers to بَنِينَ i.e. sons or men of youthful age, which is needed for the building of a state and strong military. That is not to say women will not be part of such an army, but their contribution will not to significant level as the men. Hence the word "Baneen" emphasises the importance of young men.
"and made you more numerous in manpower"
The word for Manpower in the ayah is نَفِيرًا which denotes an army that is sent to attack an opposing army. So this would indicate the great military might of the new Zionist state.
The establishment of the Zionist state of Israel
Allah Most High says
فَخَلَفَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ وَرِثُوا الْكِتَابَ يَأْخُذُونَ عَرَضَ هَٰذَا الْأَدْنَىٰ وَيَقُولُونَ سَيُغْفَرُ لَنَا وَإِن يَأْتِهِمْ عَرَضٌ مِّثْلُهُ يَأْخُذُوهُ ۚ أَلَمْ يُؤْخَذْ عَلَيْهِم مِّيثَاقُ الْكِتَابِ أَن لَّا يَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ وَدَرَسُوا مَا فِيهِ ۗ وَالدَّارُ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِّلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ
And there followed them successors who inherited the Scripture while taking the commodities of this lower life and saying, "It will be forgiven for us." And if an offer like it comes to them, they will take it. Was not the covenant of the Scripture taken from them that they would not say about Allah except the truth, and they studied what was in it? And the home of the Hereafter is better for those who fear Allah , so will you not use reason?
[Surat Al-A'raf 7:169]
This Ayah speaks about a generation from Bani Israeel to come after who will inherit the scripture. Yet, all they would be interested in would be the lowly matters ( related to desires and worldly benefit) and knowing full well of their sins saying:
"It will be forgiven for us." (us- as the chosen people).
The next part is interesting:
وَإِن يَأْتِهِمْ عَرَضٌ مِّثْلُهُ يَأْخُذُوهُ
And if an offer like it comes to them, they will take it.
This is a conditional sentence which indicates when an offer is made that they will accept it. However, the acceptance of this goes completely against the scriptures. On top of this they attribute the lie ( of its legitimacy ) to Allah Most High.
Acceptance and legitimization of that which was forbidden was one of the main reasons for Allah Most High sending Isa (peace be upon him). Their Rabbis had permitted Usury and other evils and their people followed them contravening the commands of Allah and making their Rabbis as their Lords.
Another lie that was spread was that the Holy land was jewish land and they had a God given right to it. Zionism as a movement started in the late 1800's and began to take hold until the offer and of the British to establish a jewish zionist state in Palestine. Once again, those who legitimized it went against the teachings of their scripture and lied against Allah!
The Zionist state of Israel as many orthodox Jews believe is an illegitimate state and goes against their own scripture. This is a short presentation by a jewish Rabbi speak about the truth regarding Zionism.